United States Unemployment Rate 1948-2017 | Data | Chart | Calendar

The US unemployment rate held at 4.1 percent in November of 2017, the same as in October and in line with market expectations. It is the lowest jobless rate since February of 2001. The number of unemployed persons was essentially unchanged at 6.6 million. Over the year, the unemployment rate and the number of unemployed persons were down by 0.5 percentage point and 799,000, respectively. Unemployment Rate in the United States averaged 5.79 percent from 1948 until 2017, reaching an all time high of 10.80 percent in November of 1982 and a record low of 2.50 percent in May of 1953.

United States Unemployment Rate
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US Jobless Rate Steady at 4.1% in November


The US unemployment rate held at 4.1 percent in November of 2017, the same as in October and in line with market expectations. It is the lowest jobless rate since February of 2001. The number of unemployed persons was essentially unchanged at 6.6 million. Over the year, the unemployment rate and the number of unemployed persons were down by 0.5 percentage point and 799,000, respectively.

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for teenagers increased to 15.9 percent in November. The jobless rates for adult men (3.7 percent), adult women (3.7 percent), Whites (3.6 percent), Blacks (7.3 percent), Asians (3.0 percent), and Hispanics (4.7 percent) showed little change.

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was essentially unchanged at 1.6 million in November and accounted for 23.8 percent of the unemployed. Over the year, the number of long-term unemployed was down by 275,000.

The labor force participation rate remained at 62.7 percent in November and has shown no clear trend over the past 12 months. The employment-population ratio, at 60.1 percent, changed little in November and has shown little movement, on net, since early this year.

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers), at 4.8 million, was essentially unchanged in November but was down by 858,000 over the year. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find full-time jobs.

In November, 1.5 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, down by 451,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey.

Among the marginally attached, there were 469,000 discouraged workers in November, down by 122,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.0 million persons marginally attached to the labor force in November had not searched for work for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities.

Meanwhile, total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 228,000 in November. Employment continued to trend up in professional and business services, manufacturing, and health care.


BLS | Luisa Carvalho |
12/8/2017 1:46:09 PM



Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus TEForecast
2017-10-06 12:30 PM Unemployment Rate 4.2% 4.4% 4.4% 4.4%
2017-11-03 12:30 PM Unemployment Rate 4.1% 4.2% 4.2% 4.2%
2017-12-08 01:30 PM Unemployment Rate 4.1% 4.1% 4.1% 4.1%
2018-01-05 01:30 PM Unemployment Rate 4.1% 4.1%
2018-02-02 01:30 PM Unemployment Rate
2018-03-02 01:30 PM Unemployment Rate


United States Labour Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Unemployment Rate 4.10 4.10 10.80 2.50 percent [+]
Non Farm Payrolls 228.00 244.00 1115.00 -834.00 Thousand [+]
Nonfarm Payrolls Private 221.00 247.00 1089.00 -816.00 Thousand [+]
Government Payrolls 7.00 -3.00 427.00 -260.00 Thousand [+]
Manufacturing Payrolls 31.00 23.00 572.00 -519.00 Thousand [+]
Initial Jobless Claims 225.00 236.00 695.00 162.00 Thousand [+]
Continuing Jobless Claims 1886.00 1913.00 6635.00 988.00 Thousand [+]
ADP Employment Change 190.00 235.00 384.00 -846.00 Thousand [+]
Employed Persons 153918.00 153861.00 154345.00 57635.00 Thousand [+]
Unemployed Persons 6610.00 6520.00 15352.00 1596.00 Thousand [+]
Average Hourly Earnings 0.20 -0.10 0.60 -0.20 percent [+]
Average Weekly Hours 34.50 34.40 34.60 33.70 Hours [+]
Labor Force Participation Rate 62.70 62.70 67.30 58.10 percent [+]
Long Term Unemployment Rate 1.08 1.08 2.80 1.01 percent [+]
Youth Unemployment Rate 9.60 9.00 19.50 7.80 percent [+]
Labour Costs 108.36 108.42 109.07 17.12 Index Points [+]
Productivity 108.87 108.07 108.87 27.60 Index Points [+]
Job Vacancies 6263.00 6114.00 6502.00 2132.00 Thousand [+]
Job Offers 5996.00 6177.00 6177.00 2196.00 Thousand [+]
Challenger Job Cuts 35038.00 29831.00 248475.00 15100.00 Persons [+]
Wages 22.24 22.22 22.24 2.50 USD/Hour [+]
Wage Growth 3.22 2.75 13.77 -5.77 percent [+]
Wages in Manufacturing 21.10 21.07 21.10 1.27 USD/Hour [+]
Minimum Wages 7.25 7.25 7.25 0.25 USD/Hour [+]
Employment Cost Index 0.70 0.50 1.60 0.20 percent [+]
Labor Market Conditions Index 1.50 3.30 32.00 -48.40 Index Points [+]
Population 324.30 322.06 324.30 76.09 Million [+]
Retirement Age Women 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Retirement Age Men 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Employment Rate 60.10 60.20 64.70 55.00 percent [+]
Part Time Employment 27110.00 27235.00 28134.00 10086.00 Thousand [+]
Living Wage Family 2240.00 2150.00 2240.00 2120.00 USD/Month [+]
Living Wage Individual 1540.00 1460.00 1540.00 1420.00 USD/Month [+]
Full Time Employment 126827.00 126667.00 126827.00 64640.00 Thousand [+]
Wages High Skilled 4290.00 4120.00 4320.00 3640.00 USD/Month [+]
Wages Low Skilled 2090.00 1830.00 2100.00 1650.00 USD/Month [+]


United States Unemployment Rate

In the United States, the unemployment rate measures the number of people actively looking for a job as a percentage of the labour force. This page provides the latest reported value for - United States Unemployment Rate - plus previous releases, historical high and low, short-term forecast and long-term prediction, economic calendar, survey consensus and news. United States Unemployment Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on December of 2017.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
4.10 4.10 10.80 2.50 1948 - 2017 percent Monthly




unemployment rate by Country
Country Last
Spain 16.38 Sep/17
Brazil 12.20 Oct/17
Italy 11.10 Oct/17
Turkey 10.60 Sep/17
France 9.70 Sep/17
Euro Area 8.80 Oct/17
Canada 5.90 Nov/17
Indonesia 5.50 Sep/17
Australia 5.40 Nov/17
Russia 5.10 Oct/17
Netherlands 4.50 Oct/17
United Kingdom 4.30 Oct/17
United States 4.10 Nov/17
China 3.95 Sep/17
South Korea 3.70 Nov/17
Germany 3.60 Oct/17
Mexico 3.50 Oct/17
India 3.46 Dec/16
Switzerland 3.10 Nov/17
Japan 2.80 Oct/17