United States Unemployment Rate 1948-2018 | Data | Chart | Calendar

US unemployment rate stood at 4.1 percent in December 2017, unchanged from the previous month's 17-year low and in line with market consensus. The number of unemployed declined by 40 thousand to 6.58 million. Unemployment Rate in the United States averaged 5.79 percent from 1948 until 2017, reaching an all time high of 10.80 percent in November of 1982 and a record low of 2.50 percent in May of 1953.

United States Unemployment Rate
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US Jobless Rate Unchanged at 17-Year Low


US unemployment rate stood at 4.1 percent in December 2017, unchanged from the previous month's 17-year low and in line with market consensus. The number of unemployed declined by 40 thousand to 6.58 million.

Over the year, the unemployment rate and the number of unemployed persons were down by 0.6 percentage point and 926,000, respectively.

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for teenagers declined to 13.6 percent in December, offsetting an increase in November. In December, the unemployment rates for adult men (3.8 percent), adult women (3.7 percent), Whites (3.7 percent), Blacks (6.8 percent), Asians (2.5 percent), and Hispanics (4.9 percent) showed little or no change.

Among the unemployed, the number of new entrants decreased by 116,000 in December. New entrants are unemployed persons who never previously worked. The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was little changed at 1.5 million in December and accounted for 22.9 percent of the unemployed. Over the year, the number of long-term unemployed declined by 354,000.

The labor force participation rate, at 62.7 percent, was unchanged over the month and over the year. The employment-population ratio was unchanged at 60.1 percent in December but was up by 0.3 percentage point over the year.

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers) was essentially unchanged at 4.9 million in December but was down by 639,000 over the year. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job.

There were 1.6 million persons marginally attached to the labor force, about unchanged from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. Among the marginally attached, there were 474,000 discouraged workers in December, little changed from a year earlier. Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.1 million persons marginally attached to the labor force in December had not searched for work for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities.


BLS | Joana Ferreira |
1/5/2018 2:21:52 PM



Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus TEForecast
2017-11-03 12:30 PM Unemployment Rate 4.1% 4.2% 4.2% 4.2%
2017-12-08 01:30 PM Unemployment Rate 4.1% 4.1% 4.1% 4.1%
2018-01-05 01:30 PM Unemployment Rate 4.1% 4.1% 4.1% 4.1%
2018-02-02 01:30 PM Unemployment Rate 4.1% 4.1% 4.1%
2018-03-02 01:30 PM Unemployment Rate 4.1%
2018-04-06 01:30 PM Unemployment Rate 4.1%


United States Labour Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Unemployment Rate 4.10 4.10 10.80 2.50 percent [+]
Non Farm Payrolls 148.00 252.00 1115.00 -834.00 Thousand [+]
Nonfarm Payrolls Private 146.00 239.00 1089.00 -816.00 Thousand [+]
Government Payrolls 2.00 13.00 427.00 -260.00 Thousand [+]
Manufacturing Payrolls 25.00 31.00 572.00 -519.00 Thousand [+]
Initial Jobless Claims 233.00 216.00 695.00 162.00 Thousand [+]
Continuing Jobless Claims 1937.00 1965.00 6635.00 988.00 Thousand [+]
ADP Employment Change 250.00 185.00 384.00 -846.00 Thousand [+]
Employed Persons 154021.00 153918.00 154345.00 57635.00 Thousand [+]
Unemployed Persons 6576.00 6610.00 15352.00 1596.00 Thousand [+]
Average Hourly Earnings 0.30 0.10 0.60 -0.20 percent [+]
Average Weekly Hours 34.50 34.50 34.60 33.70 Hours [+]
Labor Force Participation Rate 62.70 62.70 67.30 58.10 percent [+]
Long Term Unemployment Rate 0.94 0.99 2.80 0.94 percent [+]
Youth Unemployment Rate 8.90 9.60 19.50 7.80 percent [+]
Labour Costs 108.36 108.42 109.07 17.12 Index Points [+]
Productivity 108.87 108.07 108.87 27.60 Index Points [+]
Job Vacancies 5661.00 6263.00 6502.00 2132.00 Thousand [+]
Job Offers 5879.00 5925.00 6177.00 2196.00 Thousand [+]
Challenger Job Cuts 32423.00 35038.00 248475.00 15100.00 Persons [+]
Wages 22.30 22.23 22.30 2.50 USD/Hour [+]
Wages in Manufacturing 21.20 21.10 21.20 1.27 USD/Hour [+]
Wage Growth 4.47 3.61 13.77 -5.77 percent [+]
Minimum Wages 7.25 7.25 7.25 0.25 USD/Hour [+]
Employment Cost Index 0.70 0.50 1.60 0.20 percent [+]
Population 324.30 322.06 324.30 76.09 Million [+]
Retirement Age Women 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Retirement Age Men 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Employment Rate 60.10 60.10 64.70 55.00 percent [+]
Living Wage Family 2240.00 2150.00 2240.00 2120.00 USD/Month [+]
Living Wage Individual 1540.00 1460.00 1540.00 1420.00 USD/Month [+]
Part Time Employment 27257.00 27110.00 28134.00 10086.00 Thousand [+]
Full Time Employment 126723.00 126827.00 126827.00 64640.00 Thousand [+]
Wages Low Skilled 2090.00 1830.00 2100.00 1650.00 USD/Month [+]
Wages High Skilled 4290.00 4120.00 4320.00 3640.00 USD/Month [+]


United States Unemployment Rate

In the United States, the unemployment rate measures the number of people actively looking for a job as a percentage of the labour force. This page provides the latest reported value for - United States Unemployment Rate - plus previous releases, historical high and low, short-term forecast and long-term prediction, economic calendar, survey consensus and news. United States Unemployment Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on January of 2018.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
4.10 4.10 10.80 2.50 1948 - 2017 percent Monthly




unemployment rate by Country
Country Last
Spain 16.55 Dec/17
Brazil 12.00 Nov/17
Italy 11.00 Nov/17
Turkey 10.30 Oct/17
France 9.70 Sep/17
Euro Area 8.70 Nov/17
Canada 5.70 Dec/17
Australia 5.50 Dec/17
Indonesia 5.50 Sep/17
Russia 5.10 Dec/17
Netherlands 4.40 Dec/17
United Kingdom 4.30 Nov/17
United States 4.10 Dec/17
China 3.90 Dec/17
Germany 3.60 Nov/17
South Korea 3.60 Dec/17
India 3.46 Dec/16
Switzerland 3.30 Dec/17
Mexico 3.10 Dec/17
Japan 2.70 Nov/17


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