United States Inflation Rate 1914-2018 | Data | Chart | Calendar

Consumer prices in the United States increased 2.1 percent year-on-year in December of 2017, easing from a 2.2 percent rise in November. Figures came below market expectations of 2.2 percent amid a slowdown in gasoline and fuel prices. Still, core inflation edged up to 1.8 percent and the monthly rate increased to 0.3 percent, the highest in eleven months amid rising cost of rents, healthcare and autos. Inflation Rate in the United States averaged 3.27 percent from 1914 until 2017, reaching an all time high of 23.70 percent in June of 1920 and a record low of -15.80 percent in June of 1921.

United States Inflation Rate
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US Inflation Rate Edges Down to 2.1%


Consumer prices in the United States increased 2.1 percent year-on-year in December of 2017, easing from a 2.2 percent rise in November. Figures came below market expectations of 2.2 percent amid a slowdown in gasoline and fuel prices.

Year-on-year, energy prices increased at a slower 6.9 percent (9.4 percent in November), namely gasoline (10.7 percent from 16.5 percent) and fuel oil (15.2 percent from 18.6 percent). Smaller increases were also recorded for transportation services (3.7 percent from 3.8 percent). Inflation was steady for shelter (3.2 percent) and medical care services (1.6 percent) and cost continued to decline for apparel (-1.6 percent, the same as in November), new vehicles (-0.5 percent from -1.1 percent) and used cars and trucks (-1 percent from -2.1 percent). On the other hand, prices rose faster for electricity (2.6 percent from 2.5 percent); utility piped gas service (4.7 percent from 3.6 percent); food (1.4 percent from 1.3 percent in October) and medical care commodities (2.3 percent from 1.8 percent).

Excluding food and energy, the inflation edged up to 1.8 percent from 1.7 percent.

On a monthly basis, consumer prices edged up 0.1 percent, slowing from a 0.4 percent gain in November and below market expectations of 0.2 percent. An increase of 0.4 percent in the shelter index accounted for almost 80 percent of the monthly rise. The food index rose in December, with the indexes for food at home and food away from home both increasing. The energy index, which rose sharply in November, declined in December as the gasoline index fell. The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.3 percent in December, its largest gain since January 2017. Along with the shelter index, the indexes for medical care, used cars and trucks, new vehicles, and motor vehicle insurance were among those that increased in December. The indexes for apparel, airline fares, and tobacco all declined over the month.


BLS | Joana Taborda |
1/12/2018 2:04:14 PM



Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus TEForecast
2017-11-15 01:30 PM Inflation Rate YoY 2.0% 2.2% 2.0% 2%
2017-12-13 01:30 PM Inflation Rate YoY 2.2% 2% 2.2% 2.1%
2018-01-12 01:30 PM Inflation Rate YoY 2.1% 2.2% 2.1% 2.2%
2018-02-14 01:30 PM Inflation Rate YoY 2%
2018-03-13 12:30 PM Inflation Rate YoY 2%
2018-04-11 12:30 PM Inflation Rate YoY 1.90%


United States Prices Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Inflation Rate 2.10 2.20 23.70 -15.80 percent [+]
Inflation Rate Mom 0.10 0.40 1.80 -1.80 percent [+]
Consumer Price Index CPI 247.96 247.59 247.96 23.51 Index Points [+]
Core Consumer Prices 254.43 253.72 254.43 28.50 Index Points [+]
Core Inflation Rate 1.80 1.70 13.60 0.00 percent [+]
GDP Deflator 114.28 113.61 114.28 13.49 Index Points [+]
Producer Prices 114.30 114.40 114.40 100.20 Index Points [+]
Producer Prices Change 2.60 3.10 19.57 -6.86 percent [+]
Export Prices 124.50 124.60 135.30 82.40 Index Points [+]
Import Prices 125.20 125.10 147.50 75.00 Index Points [+]
Food Inflation 1.60 1.40 36.70 -34.30 percent [+]
CPI Housing Utilities 253.85 253.18 253.85 30.50 Index Points [+]
CPI Transportation 203.02 204.01 223.54 22.30 Index Points [+]
Core Pce Price Index 113.70 113.62 113.70 17.60 Index Points [+]
Pce Price Index 113.50 113.25 113.50 17.12 Index Points [+]
Inflation Expectations 2.82 2.61 3.40 2.42 percent [+]


United States Inflation Rate

In the United States, unadjusted Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers is based on the prices of a market basket of: food (14 percent of total weight), energy (9.3 percent), commodities less food and energy commodities (19.4 percent) and services less energy services (57.3 percent). The last category is divided by: shelter (32.1 percent), medical care services (5.8 percent) and transportation services (5.5 percent). This page provides - United States Inflation Rate - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. United States Inflation Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on January of 2018.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
2.10 2.20 23.70 -15.80 1914 - 2017 percent Monthly
1982-1984=100, NSA




inflation rate by Country
Country Last
Australia 1.80 Sep/17
Brazil 2.95 Dec/17
Canada 1.90 Dec/17
China 1.80 Dec/17
Euro Area 1.40 Dec/17
France 1.20 Dec/17
Germany 1.70 Dec/17
India 5.21 Dec/17
Indonesia 3.61 Dec/17
Italy 0.90 Dec/17
Japan 1.00 Dec/17
Mexico 6.77 Dec/17
Netherlands 1.30 Dec/17
Russia 2.50 Dec/17
South Korea 1.50 Dec/17
Spain 1.10 Dec/17
Switzerland 0.80 Dec/17
Turkey 11.92 Dec/17
United Kingdom 3.00 Dec/17
United States 2.10 Dec/17


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