India Interest Rate 2000-2018 | Data | Chart | Calendar | Forecast | News

The Reserve Bank of India kept its benchmark interest rate steady at 6 percent on February 7th 2018, matching market expectations. Policymakers reinforced the decision is consistent with a neutral stance of monetary policy aiming to reach the medium-term inflation target of 4 percent +/- 2 percent, while supporting growth. The reverse repo rate was also left on hold at 5.75 percent and the marginal standing facility rate and the Bank Rate at 6.25 percent. Interest Rate in India averaged 6.67 percent from 2000 until 2018, reaching an all time high of 14.50 percent in August of 2000 and a record low of 4.25 percent in April of 2009.

India Interest Rate
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India Keeps Rates Unchanged


The Reserve Bank of India kept its benchmark interest rate steady at 6 percent on February 7th 2018, matching market expectations. Policymakers reinforced the decision is consistent with a neutral stance of monetary policy aiming to reach the medium-term inflation target of 4 percent +/- 2 percent, while supporting growth. The central bank raised inflation forecasts to 5.1 percent for Q4 of the current fiscal year (January to March 2018) from 4.3-4.7 percent and GVA growth expectations were lowered to 6.6 percent for 2017-2018 from 6.7 percent. The reverse repo rate was also left on hold at 5.75 percent and the marginal standing facility rate and the Bank Rate at 6.25 percent.

Excerpts from the RBI Press Release:

The December bi-monthly resolution projected inflation in the range of 4.3-4.7 per cent in the second half of 2017-18, including the impact of increase in HRA. In terms of actual outcomes, headline inflation averaged 4.6 per cent in Q3, driven primarily by an unusual pick-up in food prices in November. Though prices eased in December, the winter seasonal food price moderation was less than usual. Domestic pump prices of petrol and diesel rose sharply in January, reflecting lagged pass-through of the past increases in international crude oil prices. Considering these factors, inflation is now estimated at 5.1 per cent in Q4, including the HRA impact.

The inflation outlook beyond the current year is likely to be shaped by several factors. First, international crude oil prices have firmed up sharply since August 2017, driven by both demand and supply side factors. Second, non-oil industrial raw material prices have also witnessed a global uptick. Firms polled in the Reserve Bank’s IOS expect input prices to harden in Q4. In a scenario of improving economic activity, rising input costs are likely to be passed on to consumers. Third, the inflation outlook will depend on the monsoon, which is assumed to be normal. Taking these factors into consideration, CPI inflation for 2018-19 is estimated in the range of 5.1-5.6 per cent in H1, including diminishing statistical HRA impact of central government employees, and 4.5-4.6 per cent in H2, with risks tilted to the upside. The projected moderation in inflation in the second half is on account of strong favourable base effects, including unwinding of the 7th CPC’s HRA impact, and a softer food inflation forecast, given the assumption of normal monsoon and effective supply management by the Government.

Turning to the growth outlook, GVA growth for 2017-18 is projected at 6.6 per cent. Beyond the current year, the growth outlook will be influenced by several factors. First, GST implementation is stabilising, which augurs well for economic activity. Second, there are early signs of revival in investment activity as reflected in improving credit offtake, large resource mobilisation from the primary capital market, and improving capital goods production and imports. Third, the process of recapitalisation of public sector banks has got underway. Large distressed borrowers are being referenced for resolution under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC). This should improve credit flows further and create demand for fresh investment. Fourth, although export growth is expected to improve further on account of improving global demand, elevated commodity prices, especially of oil, may act as a drag on aggregate demand. Taking into consideration the above factors, GVA growth for 2018-19 is projected at 7.2 per cent overall – in the range of 7.3-7.4 per cent in H1 and 7.1-7.2 per cent in H2 – with risks evenly balanced.


RBI | Joana Taborda |
2/7/2018 9:22:39 AM



Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus TEForecast
2017-10-04 09:00 AM RBI Interest Rate Decision 6% 6% 6% 6%
2017-12-06 09:00 AM RBI Interest Rate Decision 6.00% 6% 6% 6%
2018-02-07 09:00 AM RBI Interest Rate Decision 6% 6% 6%


India Money Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Interest Rate 6.00 6.00 14.50 4.25 percent [+]
Cash Reserve Ratio 4.00 4.00 10.50 4.00 percent [+]
Interbank Rate 6.36 6.40 12.97 3.10 percent [+]
Money Supply M1 29087.30 28396.80 29087.30 80.15 INR Billion [+]
Money Supply M2 30479.17 29918.35 30479.17 1127.49 INR Billion [+]
Money Supply M3 135470.36 134026.20 135470.36 123.52 INR Billion [+]
Central Bank Balance Sheet 16799.84 17119.52 23419.03 1624.31 INR Billions [+]
Foreign Exchange Reserves 421720.00 419760.00 421910.00 29048.00 USD Million [+]
Loan Growth 11.00 10.60 18.70 4.10 percent [+]
Reverse Repo Rate 5.75 5.75 13.50 3.25 percent [+]


India Interest Rate

In India, interest rate decisions are taken by the Reserve Bank of India's Central Board of Directors. The official interest rate is the benchmark repurchase rate. In 2014, the primary objective of the RBI monetary policy became price stability, giving less importance to government's borrowing, the stability of the rupee exchange rate and the need to protect exports. In February 2015, the government and the central bank agreed to set a consumer inflation target of 4 percent, with a band of plus or minus 2 percentage points, from the financial year ending in March 2017. This page provides - India Interest Rate - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. India Interest Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on February of 2018.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
6.00 6.00 14.50 4.25 2000 - 2018 percent Daily




interest rate by Country
Country Last
Turkey 8.00 Jan/18
Mexico 7.50 Feb/18
Russia 7.50 Feb/18
Brazil 6.75 Feb/18
India 6.00 Feb/18
China 4.35 Jan/18
Indonesia 4.25 Feb/18
Australia 1.50 Feb/18
South Korea 1.50 Jan/18
United States 1.50 Jan/18
Canada 1.25 Jan/18
United Kingdom 0.50 Feb/18
Euro Area 0.00 Jan/18
France 0.00 Jan/18
Germany 0.00 Jan/18
Italy 0.00 Jan/18
Netherlands 0.00 Jan/18
Spain 0.00 Jan/18
Japan -0.10 Jan/18
Switzerland -0.75 Jan/18


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