Brazil Inflation Rate 1980-2017 | Data | Chart | Calendar | Forecast

Consumer prices in Brazil increased 2.8 percent year-on-year in November of 2017, the most since June but below market expectations of 2.88 percent. The inflation rate had been on the upward trend since August when it touched 2.46 percent, the lowest since 1999. Yet, the cumulative inflation for the first eleven months of the year stands at 2.5 percent, well below 5.97 percent in the same period of 2016, making it likely that full-year inflation will drop below the official target of 4.5 percent for the first time in two decades. Inflation Rate in Brazil averaged 358.88 percent from 1980 until 2017, reaching an all time high of 6821.31 percent in April of 1990 and a record low of 1.65 percent in December of 1998.

Brazil Inflation Rate
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Brazil Inflation Rate Lower than Expected in November


Consumer prices in Brazil increased 2.8 percent year-on-year in November of 2017, the most since June but below market expectations of 2.88 percent. The inflation rate had been on the upward trend since August when it touched 2.46 percent, the lowest since 1999.

Year-on-year, prices rose faster mainly for housing (6.05 percent compared to 5 percent in October) and transport (3.98 percent compared to 3.73 percent). In contrast, food prices declined further by 2.3 percent from 2.1 percent.

The cumulative inflation for the first eleven months of the year stands at 2.5 percent, well below 5.97 percent in the same period of 2016, making it likely that full-year inflation will drop below the official target of 4.5 percent for the first time in two decades.

On a monthly basis, consumer prices increased 0.28 percent, below 0.42 percent in October and market expectations of 0.35 percent. A slowdown was seen in cost of housing (1.27 percent compared to 1.33 percent) and clothing (0.1 percent compared to 0.71 percent). Also, cost of food and beverages dropped more (-0.38 percent compared to -0.05 percent), namely cassava flour (-4.78 percent); tomatoes (-4.64 percent); fruit (-2.09 percent), French bread (-0.55 percent) and meat (-0.11 percent); and articles for residence (-0.45 percent compared to -0.39 percent). On the other hand, prices rose faster for transport (0.52 percent compared to 0.49 percent), namely gasoline (2.92 percent) and ethanol (4.14 percent) and personal expenses (0.42 percent compared to 0.32 percent).

IBGE | Joana Taborda |
12/8/2017 4:20:01 PM



Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus TEForecast
2017-10-06 12:00 PM Inflation Rate YoY 2.54% 2.46% 2.47% 2.5%
2017-11-10 11:00 AM Inflation Rate YoY 2.70% 2.54% 2.75% 2.6%
2017-12-08 11:00 AM Inflation Rate YoY 2.80% 2.70% 2.88% 2.78%
2018-01-10 11:00 AM Inflation Rate YoY 2.80%
2018-02-08 11:00 AM Inflation Rate YoY
2018-03-10 12:00 PM Inflation Rate YoY


Brazil Prices Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Inflation Rate 2.80 2.70 6821.31 1.65 percent [+]
Inflation Rate Mom 0.28 0.42 82.39 -0.51 percent [+]
Consumer Price Index CPI 4894.92 4881.25 4894.92 0.00 Index Points [+]
Core Inflation Rate 3.85 3.98 9.45 3.84 percent [+]
GDP Deflator 8.30 7.97 2736.97 4.24 percent [+]
Producer Prices 686.33 679.10 714.02 0.00 Index Points [+]
Export Prices 128.59 125.44 187.34 65.75 Index Points [+]
Import Prices 114.60 112.48 145.42 59.42 Index Points [+]
Food Inflation -2.30 -2.14 5266.83 -2.30 percent [+]
Producer Prices Change -3.50 -4.40 6719.66 -4.77 percent [+]
CPI Housing Utilities 8425.58 8319.92 8425.58 0.00 Index Points [+]
CPI Transportation 4647.89 4623.85 4647.89 0.00 Index Points [+]


Brazil Inflation Rate

In Brazil, the inflation rate measures a broad rise or fall in prices that consumers pay for a standard basket of goods. The most important categories of the index are: Food and beverages (26 percent of the total weight); transport (18 percent); housing (15 percent); health care (12 percent); and personal expenses (11 percent). Also, clothing accounts for 6 percent; education for 5 percent; household goods for 4 percent; and communication for 4 percent. Data is collected in the Metropolitan Areas of São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, Porto Alegre, Belém, Fortaleza, Recife, Salvador and Curitiba and in the cities of Goiânia and Brasília. This page provides - Brazil Inflation Rate - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. Brazil Inflation Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on December of 2017.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
2.80 2.70 6821.31 1.65 1980 - 2017 percent Monthly




inflation rate by Country
Country Last
Australia 1.80 Sep/17
Brazil 2.80 Nov/17
Canada 1.40 Oct/17
China 1.70 Nov/17
Euro Area 1.50 Nov/17
France 1.20 Nov/17
Germany 1.80 Nov/17
India 4.88 Nov/17
Indonesia 3.30 Nov/17
Italy 0.90 Nov/17
Japan 0.20 Oct/17
Mexico 6.63 Nov/17
Netherlands 1.50 Nov/17
Russia 2.50 Nov/17
South Korea 1.30 Nov/17
Spain 1.70 Nov/17
Switzerland 0.80 Nov/17
Turkey 12.98 Nov/17
United Kingdom 3.10 Nov/17
United States 2.20 Nov/17